Michael Frischenschlager, professor emeritus at the University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna, explains his two-octave violin scale and arpeggio system for improving tone and intonation in The Strad's December 2015 issue

Students work in pairs, playing in harmony, and perform each exercise ppp and fff, in major and minor keys, with and without vibrato, and at progressively faster speeds. Here, two of Frischenschlager's students demonstrate the system.

To read about the scale system in detail, including musical examples, download the December 2015 issue through The Strad App.

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