External contributors

If you are contributing material to our publications, it is essential that you should read, understand and accept the following Terms. If you do contribute material, you will be deemed to be doing so in full knowledge and acceptance of these Terms. If you have any questions, please contact the relevant Editor.


Unless otherwise agreed in writing by a local publisher, these Terms apply to all Publications (including the title publishing these Terms) produced by a company within the Newsquest Media Group in England and Wales, all being subsidiary companies of Gannett U.K. Limited. Your agreement is with the Newsquest Media Group publishing company producing the relevant Publication ("we", "us" "our"). Local terms apply to Publications produced by Newsquest (Herald & Times) Limited in Scotland and external contributors must check the local websites or enquire directly. Otherwise, these Terms set out our agreement with professional freelances (including news and photo agencies) and other external contributors to our Publications, including bloggers and 'citizen journalists' who are authorised by us in writing to upload blogs to our websites, (in each case "you" or "your").

The Works of non-commissioned casual contributors of user-generated content ("UGC") to our websites, including website comment pages, are not governed by these Terms, but rather by local user terms published on the relevant website itself. UGC is not edited, selected or otherwise pre-moderated by us but uploaded directly by the contributor, who is liable in law for such material.

In these Terms:

  • "Publication" means any title or other publication (existing now created in the future) in any medium or format (whether such medium exists now or is invented in the future), however accessed, distributed or stored (including print, online, electronic, broadcast, and telephonic media, access or distribution by PC or mobile or tablet apps or other portable devices, or access, distribution or storage on disc or tape or any other platform or means) and in all that publication's issues, editions, versions, parts, supplements and archives.
  • "Work" means any copyright work as defined in copyright legislation (including written material, photographs, sound, video and graphic materials) and covers unused Work intended for use by us as well background Work gathered or created in connection with a Work which is intended for use. Work includes any Work commissioned by us from freelances (including commissioned 'bloggers' or 'citizen journalists' online) or which is submitted speculatively to us and accepted by us in writing.
  • References to the "use" of a Work by us include reproduction, display, publication, transmission, distribution, storage and any other use or re-use.
  • Any words following the words 'including', 'include', 'in particular', 'for example' or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words, description, definition, phrase or term preceding those words.
  • Unless the context otherwise requires, words in the singular shall include the plural and in the plural shall include the singular.
  • Notices required to be in writing may include emails.

By submitting to us any Work for our use, or by agreeing to prepare Work or by using any of our websites, you agree to be legally bound by these Terms which will take effect immediately. If you do not agree to be legally bound by all of the Terms you must not accept a commission from us for any Work or offer your Work for use by us. If you do, you will be deemed to have read, agreed and accepted these Terms.

This agreement replaces and supersedes any existing agreement between you and us in relation to your Work, which automatically ends on your submission of Work to us under these Terms.

This agreement between you and us is subject to the laws and the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales.

No variation

These Terms cannot be varied except with the express written agreement of the Editor of the relevant Publication. We may change these Terms at any time and it is your sole responsibility to check online for any changes before you offer any Work or accept any commission from us to produce Work. Any Work supplied to us for use is deemed to have been supplied in acceptance of the most recent version of the Terms as displayed on the relevant Publication's website at the time of your contribution or commission. Your continued or renewed contribution of Work after such changes are posted means you agree to be bound by these Terms as they have been amended.

Grant of rights in the Work

The legal copyright in the Work is retained by you. By your agreement to these Terms, you give us the rights in the Work which are set out below. Subject to these Terms and in particular the proviso for commissioned Work below, Our rights in the Work are non-exclusive, which means that you can also use the Work as you wish at the same time as we use it.

Where a Work is specifically commissioned by us or you are a commissioned blogger or citizen journalist, you give us the exclusive right to first use of the Work in any medium as permitted by these Terms. If there is a delay of more than 90 days from our receipt of the Work to its first use by us, then you may apply to the Editor for a written waiver of our exclusive right to first use, which will not be unreasonably refused.

While you retain copyright in the Work, We shall have the following rights (some of which may overlap), which are worldwide, perpetual irrevocable and sub-licensable:

  1. the right to use and re-use the Work in any of our Publications;
  2. the right to syndicate, distribute and license the Work to third parties;
  3. the rights to use the title, format and any pseudonym associated with the Work;
  4. the right to store your Work in any archive or database in any medium or format existing now or created in the future and to make such archive or database available to the public (whether or not for a fee);
  5. the right to edit, amend, cut, translate or otherwise alter your Work as we may consider appropriate;
  6. the right to authorise the Newspaper Licensing Agency ("NLA") to distribute or license the distribution of your Work (or links to your Work in our online Publications, archives or databases) for its licensed purposes as may be amended from time to time;
  7. the right to authorise third party information providers to use your Work as published or otherwise used in our Publications in their databases (in any medium or format and on any platform) for search and copying by their end users;
  8. The right to use the Work and any image of you or other personal details for the purposes of publicity or marketing or any other purpose in connection with the exercise of our rights under this agreement with you.

If you exercise any of your retained rights in respect of the Work, you agree to ensure that your use will not conflict with our use of the Work or any other of our legitimate commercial interests, and you will procure an acknowledgement to us and our relevant Publication in any further use you might make of your Work, together with a link to the Work on our relevant website wherever possible.

You acknowledge that as a matter of law moral rights do not arise in connection with current affairs reporting or any publication in newspapers or magazines, but to the extent that moral rights may be applicable to any use of a Work permitted under this agreement you waive them unless otherwise agreed in writing with the Editor.


Many Works are commissioned or accepted by us without payment of a fee. In any such case, you agree that the opportunity to have your Work published or considered for use by us is adequate consideration for the rights granted to us in this agreement. No fee will be payable unless the Editor of the relevant Publication has expressly agreed in writing in advance of commission or acceptance to pay you a fee for your Work. If a fee is agreed, it will be a single all-inclusive fee for all the rights granted above. The fee will be fixed at our prevailing standard rates, as may be published and varied from time to time, unless otherwise expressly agreed in writing by the Editor. The fee includes the cost of delivering the Work and all customary expenses incurred by you in researching and creating it. Any additional expenses or payments must be approved in advance by the Editor in writing. Provided that the Work is delivered and complies with these Terms (and any additional or substitute terms agreed in writing), payment will be made at the end of the month following the month of our first use of the Work. In respect of a Work that we have agreed to pay for, we will also pay you 50% of the net revenue actually received by us in respect of a one-off syndication of an individual Work of yours to an end-user customer of ours for print publication.

No obligation

We are not under any obligation to use your Work. If we have commissioned a Work from you and a payment is agreed but we do not use the Work, you will be paid in full subject to these Terms (unless the Work has been rejected because it does not comply with our editorial standards). If you are not commissioned but submit a Work speculatively and it is initially accepted for use for an agreed fee though we decide later not to use it for any reason, you will not receive a fee but all rights in the Work will revert to you. No Work is accepted under these Terms unless and until it is expressly accepted in writing (including email) by the Editor or by an authorised person acting on the Editor's behalf or it is actually used by us in a Publication.

Your warranties and indemnity

You warrant in respect of the Work you offer or contribute that:

  1. it is your own original work and (unless otherwise stated by you in writing) it has not been previously published in print or online;
  2. you have obtained any necessary consent or licence required for our use of the Work and our acceptance or use of the Work will not infringe any person's rights, including copyright and other intellectual property rights, performance rights, or rights of privacy or confidentiality, data protection or any other right;
  3. in producing your Work you have complied with the Data Protection Act 1998;
  4. your Work is not defamatory of any person or other legal entity; and
  5. our acceptance or use of the Work will not put us in contempt of court or otherwise in breach of civil or criminal law (including laws relating to harassment, trespass, bribery or disclosure of personal data).

You agree to indemnify us fully against all damages, losses, costs and expenses (including reasonable legal costs) and other liabilities incurred or suffered by us as a result of any claim from a third party arising from or in connection with your breach of your warranties or other obligations under these Terms.

Our editorial standards

Our reputation is very important to us. You agree that you will produce the Work to the highest professional and ethical standards, including compliance with the Editorial Code of Practice of the Independent Press Standards Organisation.

We reserve the right to reject a Work (and cancel any agreed fee) that in our opinion:

  1. does not comply with the Editorial Code of Practice or which otherwise puts you in breach of these Terms; or
  2. does not achieve a suitable standard of editorial quality.

In respect of any Work of Yours that has been commissioned, accepted or used by us:

  1. you will tell the Editor of our relevant Publication without delay if you become aware at any time of any information that may cast doubt on information or claims affecting or contained in your Work or any other legal or compliance risk relating to the Work; and
  2. if you become aware of any complaint about your Work at any time, you should not reply to the complainant but rather notify the Editor of our relevant Publication immediately in writing.

We will have sole control over the handling of any complaint about your Work and you will co-operate fully with us in order to resolve it. You will ensure that you keep all your notes and research materials and, if we ask, you will provide us with such notes and materials, together with all other relevant background information and access to your sources where reasonably necessary for compliance or legal purposes. You will not mention or discuss a complaint with any person without the Editor's prior written approval.


You confirm in respect of your contribution of any Work that you are an independent self-employed contractor and we shall not be liable for any of your acts or omissions in connection with the Work you submit. You are solely responsible for the payment of all your taxes and national insurance and you are not entitled to any pension or other benefit offered to our employees.

Newsquest Media Group