Buying a new instrument is as much about rigorous auditioning as it is about falling in love...

ViolinsNew1

*Start with open strings. Listen as you tune, playing lightly.*Then use a variety of dynamics to listen to the open strings.

*Move on to a slow scale, from bottom to top, without vibrato.

*Play single and double-stop harmonics to test their ring and the clarity of voice.

The following excerpts from music in the repertoire can be played to highlight different qualities and deficiencies of the instruments that you are trying.

The list is by no means definitive or exhaustive. It has been compiled by several seasoned musicians who have had a great deal of experience in evaluating instruments. If you have a favourite piece that helps to illustrate a particular characteristic of an instrument, you should use that as well.

Violin

Tchaikovsky Violin Concerto, first movement, first two lines: reveals evenness of response across the strings

TchaikConcerto

Mozart Violin Concerto no.5, second movement: listen for the changing colours

Bruch Violin Concerto in G minor: good for double and triple-stops

BruchConcerto

Paganini Moto perpetuo; Saint-Saëns Introduction and Rondo capriccioso: faster pieces can be used to check the instrument’s response and physical comfort

Mendelssohn Violin Concerto, first movement: tests tone development and playability in fast passages

Viola

Schubert Arpeggione Sonata, opening

Bartók Viola Concerto, second movement

Bloch Suite (1919)

Brahms Songs for voice, viola and piano op.91, first song, first phrase

Beethoven String Quartet op.59 no.3 ‘Rasumovsky’ and Walton Viola Concerto: faster music to test the instrument’s response

Cello

Bach Suite no.1, Prelude: reveals evenness of response across the strings

BachSuiteCello1

Bach Suite no.3, Prelude: good for testing both legato and separate bows

Haydn Cello Concerto in C major, first movement: tests response and the liveliness of the sound

Brahms Cello Sonata in E minor: shows up the rich, deep, warm qualities of the instrument

Bloch Schelomo, opening: good for testing the A string

Lalo Cello Concerto and Elgar Cello Concerto: the openings test the solo qualities of the lower register

Strauss Don Quixote: tests response over the whole range

Saint-Saëns ‘The Swan’ and FauréÉlégie: legato shows up the beauty of the instrument’s voice

Dvorák Cello Concerto: employs different registers and strokes

Davidoff At the Fountain and Weber–Piatigorsky Adagio and Rondo: faster pieces employ both spiccato and legato to test response

Double bass

Koussevitsky Double Bass Concerto: for sound projection and strong, lyrical playing

Eccles Sonata in G minor, second movement: for projection and clarity in the lower two octaves

Nanny Caprice no.1: for quickness of response

Dragonetti concertos: for harmonics

Three-octave scales: to test evenness of registers

Suggestions by Toby Appel, Matitiahu Braun, Gary Karr, Igor Scedrov and Jeffrey Solow

This article was first published as part of a larger feature in The Strad's March 2009 issue.Subscribe to The Strad or download our digital edition as part of a 30-day free trial. To purchase single issues click here.