Commissioning an instrument can be an exciting prospect, but as a creative journey it can have its ups and downs. John Milnes considers how both player and maker can keep each other happy
Many players are brought up believing that old instruments are the best for sound and the best for value. But since an increasing number of players are chasing fewer and fewer classic instruments, it is worth considering commissioning a new one. ‘In the last 30 years, more and more very good makers have come along,’ says cellist Raphael Wallfisch. ‘It is now much more normal for musicians to commission new instruments.’
Wallfisch himself is a case in point. Back in the mid-1970s, he had great difficulty in finding a reliable cello that he could afford, and so decided to commission a cello from Colin Irving. Three more by Irving followed, then instruments by David Wiebe, Wolfgang Schnabl, Eero Haahti, Roger Hargrave and Andreas Hudelmayer. Wallfisch believes that a top-quality modern instrument can produce a robustness of tone and a range of tonal colour not always found in older instruments. And even if a player owns a fine old instrument, it can be useful to have a second instrument to rely on in challenging situations, such as playing outdoors or in a harsh climate.
Musicians sometimes assume that old instruments are reliable, and worry that new ones are an unknown quantity that will change unpredictably. This should not be a major concern. New instruments do change, but in a predictable way. In the first few months of settling into playing tension, the soundpost will need some adjustment. After that, the instrument will give the best that the musician is able to draw out of it. Just like old instruments, new ones will have varied qualities and characteristics. And just like an old instrument, a new one may appeal immediately, may grow on you slowly, or may never become your partner in music. Mere age doesn’t make an instrument more reliable – except perhaps to confirm that some instruments are reliably bad. There does not seem to be any evidence that old instruments are like vintage wines, needing to be played in over several decades to reveal their fine bouquet of tonal colours. This is one example of the kind of idea offered to comfort buyers paying a premium price for an antique.
But commissioning an instrument may at first seem daunting. Supposing you are stuck with an instrument you don’t like, one that’s disappointing in the long run, or one that’s difficult to sell on? These are reasonable concerns, but with a little planning and good advice they need not put the musician off. And to balance such doubts, there is the enticing prospect of collaborating in the creation of something new – from discussing the sound you like, choosing the wood and following the making of the instrument to playing the very first notes on it.
In the first instance, it’s a good idea to talk to musicians and teachers who have experience of new instruments. ‘The right maker is in most cases found by hearing an instrument played by someone else in a concert or on another occasion,’ says Igor Ozim, professor of violin of the Mozarteum, Salzburg. He owns seven new instruments, each with its distinctive personality, and has found the commissioning process a rewarding experience.
Try to be clear about your preferences. On the mechanical side, consider what makes a comfortable instrument. Is it a smaller model of cello? A slimmer neck? A deep-bodied, compact viola? The tonal side is more difficult to put into words. It can be helpful to take an instrument you admire and play it to the potential maker, or to identify an instrument that has already been completed and ask the maker to produce something similar. Visit makers to get a feel for their approach. Ask if there are instruments you can try out. If they have nothing in stock they may be able to borrow earlier instruments that have already been sold. And be patient. Makers will probably have a waiting list – a year or 18 months seems to be an average. But this gives you time to plan the details carefully. You can leave most things to the maker, or you can ask to discuss the wood, details of finish and varnish, and the model to be used.
Most makers follow models from the past, usually specifying that they offer a Stradivari or Guarneri ‘del Gesù’ model. But you may have fallen in love with a Maggini and want to own a close copy, including the wear pattern on the varnish. It will be clear within the first few minutes whether the maker is comfortable with starting on a new model just for you. And you may have to give a guarantee that you are committed to buying, especially if it is very out of the ordinary. A more standard instrument can be sold on to someone else on the maker’s waiting list in the event that you don’t purchase it; an unusual instrument is harder to find a new home for. Established makers may indeed refuse to make something very distinctive. Neil Értz of Cambridge, UK, says that in his early days he would try to meet any requirement from a musician, but that this accommodation often felt uncomfortable and occasionally ended in disagreement and discontent on both sides. ‘Today, if they want something I don’t feel comfortable with, I suggest they contact somebody else,’ he says.
Be aware also that some makers steer clear of commissions altogether. Patrick Jowett, maker and teacher at the Newark School of Violin Making, does not welcome them. For him, there is too much obligation involved, as well as the potential embarrassment that a player will not like the instrument. He prefers to make instruments that he feels comfortable with and leave them to find their buyer. California-based makers Joseph Grubaugh and Sigrun Seifert are wary of commissions because, like arranged marriages, they may work, but there is no way to tell in advance.
New York-based Guy Rabut both makes to commission and creates instruments to his own taste. This allows him to accommodate a wide range of customers (and do the kind of work that satisfies him). Some want to create an instrument similar to an existing one that they own or admire. Others simply like the pleasure of being involved in the process of creation, specifying neck shape and string length.
In contrast, Helen Michetschläger of Manchester, UK, makes almost entirely to commission. She makes a lot of violas and there is a particular advantage to commissioning in this case. Violas vary a good deal in model and size, and players therefore have much more control by going to a maker and discussing all the features from scratch.
Indeed, for many makers, a commission is a refreshing experience and ultimately has the unique advantage that the musician can specify exactly what is wanted. After all, it was this process of invention and evolution that created the violin family in the first place. To accept new ideas today keeps violin making moving forward, beyond mere repetition of past achievements.
One clear benefit for the owner of a new instrument is that it will be in peak physical condition. Old instruments can have wear and damage, not all of which may have been repaired well or fully. Daniel Phillips of the Orion Quartet counts ‘robust health’ as one of the many advantages of his 1993 Sam Zygmuntowicz violin. And players with new instruments don’t suffer the stress of being responsible for an expensive antique. ‘It is a great feeling to be playing on a fiddle that I can use successfully for all aspects of my career but one that is not a fabulously valuable museum piece, which means less anxiety when travelling,’ says Phillips. ‘Not that we don’t greatly value the newer instruments, but touring with this violin is different to watching a 300-year-old work of art disappear into security X-ray machines several times a month.’
Some musicians may worry about what others will think if they turn up to rehearsals with a shiny new instrument. ‘Yes, I’ve lived through all that,’ says Raphael Wallfisch, ‘“Can’t you afford something better?” or similar remarks.&rs